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NIGERIAN DWARF BREED – Milking

Breed examples

Full blood American Nigerian Dwarf Goats.

The Breed

The first breed genetics were imported to Australia in 2013. The MGBA has adopted standards and rules (including DNA parent verification) to support the use of imported semen in genetic recovery programs (percentage breeding) in Australia.

Uses: Milking breed. Dwarf goats are bred to have the length of body and structure, in proportion, of a dairy goat. Dwarf goats are characteristically a high milk producing miniature dairy breed at around 1.8 litres per day. Their milk has a higher butterfat content than milk from full-sized dairy goats, averaging 6.5% according to the American Dairy Goat Association. Later in lactation, butterfat can go up to 10% or even higher. This makes the Dwarf goat milk excellent for cheese and soap making. Easy to train, This, along with their small size and colorful appearance also makes them popular as pets.

Suitability: The Nigerian Dwarf Goat is very gentle and easy to train.

Life span: 10–15 years

Breeding: Paired from 12 to 18 months of age. Gestation is 145 to 153 days. Dwarf does can have several kids at a time, 3 and 4 being common and sometimes even 5. Easy birthers with very few birthing problems.

Price: Dwarf Goats are only new to Australia. Goats are individually priced by studs.

Recommendations: The MGBA recommends that buyers purchase at least 2 goats. Goats are a herd animal and require same species to live happy and healthy lives as well as being able to be trouble free pets. Please ask your breeder about milking requirements for your goat.

It is a recommendation that Pygmy goats should have their percentages listed when advertised or promoted.

 

The Standard of Excellence of the Nigerian Dwarf

Behavior/Temperament: Gregarious, friendly with a calm and playful nature. Easily trainable.

General Appearance: The Nigerian Dwarf goat is a genetically small goat and should exhibit balanced proportions to give it the appearance of a scaled down version of the larger breeds of dairy goats. Shorter height is the primary breed characteristic of the Dwarf.

Head & Ears: Head medium to long, straight or slightly dished. Ears erect and alert. Jaw broad, strong, well muscled, symmetrically aligned. Even bite and broad lips. . Bright eyes set well apart. Any eye colour is accepted. Neatly disbudded, dehorned and polled accepted. The neck is longer than that of the Pygmy smooth, tapering and blending well into the shoulder.

Colour: All colours accepted preferably with random markings distinct from the more uniform pygmy markings. 
Coat: Soft short coat

Reproductive system: 
Does: Udder should be balanced and tightly attached, soft and pliable, blending smoothly as viewed from the side and the rear. Teats proportionally shaped and evenly sized.

Bucks: Must have two evenly placed rudimentary teats and a full, well attached, relatively even, appropriately sized scrotum and two evenly sized testicles. Sheath clean.

Breed Faults

General Faults (TO BE JUDGED ON THEIR SEVERITY)

teeth protruding less than ½cm (5mm) not visible, neck too long or thin, loose shoulders, shallow or narrow chest floor, roach or sway back, slab sided, shallow body, short rump, narrow or steep sloping rump, fleshy pendulous udder, unduly divided udder, pockets in udder, teats too small, too thin, bulbous, double teats, supernumery teats, double orifices, that do not interfere with kids nursing. Bucks with divided scrotum, less than 2½cm. Cow or sickle hock, knock knees, posty leg, dropped pastern, feet pointing in or out, splayed feet, uneven gait, Scurs/residual horn (post removal procedure).

 

Serious Faults

Folded ears (length wise), teeth protruding more than ½cm (5mm), but not visible, double teats or supernumery teats that interfere with kids nursing, ill-defined unbalanced udder. Bucks with divided scrotum, more than 2½cm, scrotum small for age of animal.

 

Disqualifying Faults: Overshot or undershot jaw (>10mm), Obviously twisted jaw, Hermaphrodism (both male & female), Monorchid/cryptorchid (retained testicle/s),serious emaciation, blindness, horns.  Scrotum split over 5cm, urethra opening in wrong place.

NIGERIAN DWARF PERCENTAGES

ELIGIBILITY
Animals with Nigerian Dwarf genetics entering the MGBA database must be DNA verified against parent’s DNA record(s) and traceable back to Full blood imports who must have appropriate import documentation. Animals will be registered with DNA verified percentage (imported bloodlines) listed. ANIMAL MUST BE MICROCHIPED

RECOGNITION
FULLBLOOD 100% – derived from overseas Purebred Nigerian Dwarf goats as embryos, born in Australia or from imported semen;
HERDBOOK Purebred – 31/32 (min 96.87%) animals derived from the use of overseas Full blood Nigerian Dwarf semen or Australian Nigerian Dwarf Herd book parentage and;
GENETIC RECOVERY (GR) Nigerian Dwarf stock less than 100 percentage of Nigerian Dwarf Full Blood or Nigerian Dwarf Herd Book parentage.

FIFTH CROSS – HERDBOOK PUREBRED
(31/32) 96.87% Herdbook Purebred
Adult Doe not exceeding 57.0cm. Adult Buck or Wether not exceeding 60.0cm at 3yrs. – height verified by Qualified/Certified MGBA measurer(s). Animals must conform to breed type of parents and be DNA verified against parent’s DNA record(s). ANIMAL MUST BE MICROCHIPED

FOURTH CROSS – PUREBRED 
(15/16) = 93.75% Purebred
Adult Doe not exceeding 57.0cm. Adult Buck or Wether not exceeding 60.0cm at 3yrs – height verified by Qualified/Certified MGBA measurer(s). Animals must conform to breed type of parents and be DNA verified against parent’s DNA record(s). ANIMAL MUST BE MICROCHIPED

THIRD CROSS
(7/8) = 87.5%
Adult Doe not exceeding 58.5cm. Adult Buck or Wether not exceeding 61.0cm at 3yrs – height verified by Qualified/Certified MGBA measurer(s). Animals must conform to breed type of parents and be DNA verified against parent’s DNA record(s). ANIMAL MUST BE MICROCHIPED

SECOND CROSS
(3/4) = 75%
Adult Doe should not exceed 59.7cm. Adult Buck or Wether should not exceed 62.2cm at 3yrs. – height verified by Qualified/Certified MGBA measurer(s). Animals must conform to breed type of parents and be DNA verified against parent’s DNA record(s). ANIMAL MUST BE MICROCHIPED

FIRST CROSS
First cross (1/2) = 50%
Adult Doe should not exceed 59.7cm at 3yrs. Adult Buck or Wether should not exceed 62.2cm at 3yrs.
Animals should conform to breed type of parents and be DNA verified against parent’s DNA record(s).
Wether (desexed male) 50% and under do not require DNA for registration purposes.

First cross (50%) animals are equivalent to Grade B for Australian Miniature Goat (AMG) breeding purposes.

MGBA recognises animals with less than 50% Nigerian Dwarf genetics, these animals require DNA parent verification for their percentage to be recognize and for used in the Nigerian Dwarf genetic recovery breeding program and recording for registration purposes.
——- eg. 25% (DNA parent verified) X 75% (DNAPV) to produce 50% offspring

MGBA recognises percentages outside the standard crosses above (eg. 62.5%) these animals are also subject to DNA test requirements.

The use of both male and female herd book purebred ensures that sex-specific genetic material is accessible (Sponenberg, 2002)

DAIRY FOUNDATION
Over height animals – will not be excluded from registration.

UNDER HEIGHT
Adult Bucks 53.3cm and under and Adult Does 46cm and under are to be height verified by or under the direction of a
Certified MGBA measurer to be considered for registration.
Under 17” (43.1cm) in height as an adult is considered a disqualifying breed fault.