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PYGMY BREED

Breed examples

Full blood American Pygmy Goats

The Breed

The first breed genetics were imported to Australia in 2013. The MGBA has adopted standards and rules (including DNA parent verification) to support the use of imported semen in genetic recovery programs (percentage breeding) in Australia.

Uses: Pygmy goats are easy to handle for all ages from the elderly to the very young. Pygmy Goats are great companion animals and are sometimes kept with other species for company. They are very popular at shows and their unique personalities make them easily trainable and gentle to handle. They are reliable little weed eaters and their small size means a smaller feed requirement compared to larger sized goats. Pygmy Goats produce enough milk to feed their offspring but are seldom used for milking purposes. Their coarse hair is great for craft ideas.

Suitability: The Pygmy Goat has a beautiful temperament making the breed suitable for young and old alike.

Life span: 10–15 years

Breeding: Paired from 12 to 18 months of age for the first time. Gestation is 145 to 153 days. Some does have been known to kid from 142 days. Pygmy does can have 1 to 4 kids.

Price: Pygmy Goats are new to Australia – Goats are individually priced by studs.

Recommendations: The MGBA recommends that buyers purchase at least 2 goats. Goats are a herd animal and require same species to live happy and healthy lives as well as being able to be trouble free pets.

It is a recommendation that Pygmy goats should have their percentages listed when advertised or promoted.

The Standard of Excellence of the Pygmy Goat

Behavior/Temperament: Unique Friendly personalities with an active nature.

General Appearance: The Australian Pygmy Goat is genetically and characteristically a small, compact, wide, cobby, full barrelled, well-muscled large body in proportion to size of animal with disproportionately large circumference, short heavy boned legs. Shorter height is the primary breed characteristic of the pygmy goat.

Body: The Australian Pygmy Goat is characteristically a small, compact, wide, cobby, full barrelled, well-muscled large body in proportion to size of animal with disproportionately large circumference, short heavy boned legs.

Head and ears: Small head relative to body length. A relatively wide muzzle, with even bite and broad lips. Bright eyes set well apart. Any eye colour is accepted Medium length erect ears. Neatly disbudded, dehorned and polled accepted. The neck must blend smoothly into all body junctions, feminine in does and masculine in bucks, showing appropriate muscling.

Colour: All colours accepted however distinct uniform pygmy markings preferred as follows; solid, agouti and caramel body with dark points – with muzzle, crown, eyes and ears accented with intermingled white (roan) hair preferred, optional white patches / belly bands on barrel between point of elbow and stifle joint.

Coat: Full straight coat. Bucks with full beard and copious draping mane

Size: Purebred Adult females not exceeding 57cm, adult males not exceeding 60cm in height, measured at the wither.
Reproductive system:
Does: Udder should be moderately deep, proportionately wide and capacious in relation to the size of the doe. Udder should be balanced and tightly attached, soft and pliable, blending smoothly as viewed from the side and the rear. Teats proportionally shaped and evenly sized.

Bucks: Must have two evenly placed rudimentary teats and a full, well attached, relatively even, appropriately sized scrotum and two evenly sized testicles. Sheath clean.

Breed Faults

General Faults (TO BE JUDGED ON THEIR SEVERITY)

teeth protruding less than ½cm (5mm) not visible, neck too long or thin, loose shoulders, shallow or narrow chest floor, roach or sway back, slab sided, shallow body, short rump, narrow or steep sloping rump, fleshy pendulous udder, unduly divided udder, pockets in udder, teats too small, too thin, bulbous, double teats, supernumery teats, double orifices, that do not interfere with kids nursing. Bucks with divided scrotum less than 2½cm. Cow or sickle hock, knock knees, posty leg, dropped pastern, feet pointing in or out, splayed feet, uneven gait, Scurs/residual horn (post removal procedure).

 

Serious Faults

Folded ears (length wise), teeth protruding more than ½cm (5mm), but not visible, double teats or supernumery teats that interfere with kids nursing, ill-defined unbalanced udder. Bucks with divided scrotum, more than 2½cm, scrotum small for age of animal.

 

Disqualifying faults:- overshot/undershot jaw (>10mm); obviously twisted jaw; Hermaphrodism (both male & female), Monorchid/cryptorchid (retained testicle/s), serious emaciation, blindness, horns.  Scrotum split over 5cm, urethra opening in wrong place.

PYGMY GOAT PERCENTAGES

ELIGIBILITY
Animals with Pygmy genetics entering the MGBA database must be DNA verified against parent’s DNA record(s) and traceable back to Full blood imports who must have appropriate import documentation. Animals registered as Pygmy (including derivatives) are not graded, they are known by their percentage. Animals will be registered with DNA verified percentage (imported bloodlines) listed.

RECOGNITION
FULLBLOOD 100% – derived from overseas Purebred Pygmy goats as embryos, born in Australia or from imported semen;
HERDBOOK Purebred – 15/16 (min 93.75%) animals derived from the use of overseas Full blood Pygmy semen or Australian Pygmy Herd book parentage and;
GENETIC RECOVERY (GR) Pygmy stock less than 15/16ths (93.75%) percentage of Pygmy Full Blood or Pygmy Herd Book parentage.

FOURTH CROSS – HERDBOOK
(15/16) = 93.75% Herdbook Purebred,
Adult Doe not exceeding 57.0cm. Adult Buck or Wether not exceeding 60.0cm at 3yrs. – height verified by Qualified/Certified MGBA measurer(s). Animals must conform to breed type of parents and be DNA verified against parent’s DNA record(s). ANIMAL MUST BE MICROCHIPED

THIRD CROSS – PUREBRED
(7/8) = 87.5% Purebred
Adult Doe not exceeding 57.0cm at 3yrs. Adult Buck or Wether not exceeding 60.0cm at 3yrs. – height verified by Qualified/Certified MGBA measurer(s). Animals must conform to breed type of parents and be DNA verified against parent’s DNA record(s). ANIMAL MUST BE MICROCHIPED

SECOND CROSS
(3/4) = 75%
Adult Doe should not exceed 58.5cm at 3yrs. Adult Buck or Wether should not exceed 61.0cm at 3yrs. – height verified by Qualified/Certified MGBA measurer(s). Animals must conform to breed type of parents and be DNA verified against parent’s DNA record(s). ANIMAL MUST BE MICROCHIPED

FIRST CROSS
First cross (1/2) = 50%
Adult Doe should not exceed 59.7cm at 3yrs. Adult Buck or Wether should not exceed 62.2cm at 3yrs.
Animals should conform to breed type of parents and be DNA verified against parent’s DNA record(s).
Pygmy Wether (desexed male) 50% and under do not require DNA for registration purposes.

First cross (50%) animals are equivalent to Grade B for Australian Miniature Goat (AMG) breeding purposes.

MGBA recognises animals with less than 50% Pygmy genetics, these animals require DNA parent verification for their percentage to be recognize and for used in the Pygmy genetic recovery breeding program and recording for registration purposes.
——- eg. 25% (DNA parent verified) X 75% (DNAPV) to produce 50% offspring

MGBA recognises percentages outside the standard crosses above (eg. 62.5%) these animals are also subject to DNA test requirements.

The use of both male and female herd book purebred ensures that sex-specific genetic material is accessible (Sponenberg, 2002)

OVER HEIGHT
Over height animals – will not be excluded from registration.

UNDER HEIGHT
Adult Bucks 53.3cm and under and Adult Does 46cm and under are to be height verified by or under the direction of a
Certified MGBA measurer to be considered for registration.